For a price of $100, Vera will sell you a 2 year bond paying semi-annual coupons of 10% pa. The face value of the bond is $100. Other bonds with similar risk, maturity and coupon characteristics trade at a yield of 8% pa.

There are many ways to write the ordinary annuity formula.

Which of the following is **NOT** equal to the ordinary annuity formula?

A managed fund charges fees based on the amount of money that you keep with them. The fee is **2**% of the **start**-of-year amount, but it is paid at the **end** of every year.

This fee is charged regardless of whether the fund makes gains or losses on your money.

The fund offers to invest your money in shares which have an expected return of **10**% pa before fees.

You are thinking of investing $**100,000** in the fund and keeping it there for **40** years when you plan to retire.

What is the Net Present Value (NPV) of investing your money in the fund? Note that the question is **not** asking how much money you will have in 40 years, it is asking: what is the **NPV** of investing in the fund? Assume that:

- The fund has no private information.
- Markets are weak and semi-strong form efficient.
- The fund's transaction costs are negligible.
- The cost and trouble of investing your money in shares by yourself, without the managed fund, is negligible.

Stocks in the United States usually pay **quarterly** dividends. For example, the software giant Microsoft paid a $0.23 dividend every quarter over the 2013 financial year and plans to pay a $0.28 dividend every quarter over the 2014 financial year.

Using the dividend discount model and net present value techniques, calculate the stock price of Microsoft assuming that:

- The time now is the beginning of July 2014. The next dividend of $
**0.28**will be received in**3**months (end of September 2014), with another 3 quarterly payments of $0.28 after this (end of December 2014, March 2015 and June 2015). - The quarterly dividend will increase by
**2.5**% every year, but each quarterly dividend over the year will be equal. So each quarterly dividend paid in the financial year beginning in September 2015 will be $ 0.287 ##(=0.28×(1+0.025)^1)##, with the last at the end of June 2016. In the next financial year beginning in September 2016 each quarterly dividend will be $0.294175 ##(=0.28×(1+0.025)^2)##, with the last at the end of June 2017, and so on forever. - The total required return on equity is
**6**% pa. - The required return and growth rate are given as effective annual rates.
- Dividend payment dates and ex-dividend dates are at the same time.
- Remember that there are 4 quarters in a year and 3 months in a quarter.

What is the current stock price?

**Question 446** working capital decision, corporate financial decision theory

The working capital decision primarily affects which part of a business?

**Question 668** buy and hold, market efficiency, idiom

A quote from the famous investor Warren Buffet: "Much success can be attributed to inactivity. Most investors cannot resist the temptation to constantly buy and sell."

Buffet is referring to the buy-and-hold strategy which is to buy and never sell shares. Which of the following is a disadvantage of a buy-and-hold strategy? Assume that share markets are semi-strong form efficient. Which of the following is **NOT** an advantage of the strict buy-and-hold strategy? A disadvantage of the buy-and-hold strategy is that it reduces:

A pig farmer in the US is worried about the price of hogs falling and wants to lock in a price now. In one year the pig farmer intends to sell **1,000,000** pounds of hogs. Luckily, one year CME lean hog futures expire on the exact day that he wishes to sell his pigs. The futures have a notional principal of **40,000** pounds (about 18 metric tons) and currently trade at a price of **63.85** cents per pound. The underlying lean hogs spot price is **77.15** cents per pound. The correlation between the futures price and the underlying hogs price is **one** and the standard deviations are both **4** cents per pound. The initial margin is USD**1,500** and the maintenance margin is USD**1,200** per futures contract.

Which of the below statements is **NOT** correct?

Which of the following is **NOT** the Australian central bank’s responsibility?

**Question 895** comparative advantage in trade, production possibilities curve

Adam and Bella are the only people on a remote island.

Luckily there are Coconut and Date palm trees on the island that grow delicious fruit. The problem is that harvesting the fruit takes a lot of work.

Adam can pick 7 coconuts per hour, 6 dates per hour or any linear combination of coconuts and dates. For example, he could pick 3.5 coconuts and 3 dates per hour.

Bella can pick 3 coconuts per hour, 5 dates per hour or any linear combination. For example, she could pick 1.5 coconuts and 2.5 dates per hour.

This information is summarised in the table and graph:

Harvest Rates Per Hour |
||

Coconuts | Dates | |

Adam | 7 | 6 |

Bella | 3 | 5 |

Which of the following statements is **NOT** correct?