**Question 155** inflation, real and nominal returns and cash flows, Loan, effective rate conversion

You are a banker about to grant a 2 year loan to a customer. The loan's principal and interest will be repaid in a single payment at maturity, sometimes called a zero-coupon loan, discount loan or bullet loan.

You require a **real** return of **6**% pa over the two years, given as an effective annual rate. Inflation is expected to be **2**% this year and **4**% next year, both given as effective annual rates.

You judge that the customer can afford to pay back $**1,000,000** in **2** years, given as a **nominal** cash flow. How much should you lend to her right now?

**Question 386** Merton model of corporate debt, real option, option

A risky firm will last for one period only (t=0 to 1), then it will be liquidated. So it's assets will be sold and the debt holders and equity holders will be paid out in that order. The firm has the following quantities:

##V## = Market value of assets.

##E## = Market value of (levered) equity.

##D## = Market value of zero coupon bonds.

##F_1## = Total face value of zero coupon bonds which is promised to be paid in one year.

The risky corporate debt graph above contains bold labels a to e. Which of the following statements about those labels is **NOT** correct?

Acquirer firm plans to launch a takeover of Target firm. The deal is expected to create a present value of synergies totaling $**2** million. A **cash** offer will be made that pays the fair price for the target's shares plus **70**% of the total synergy value. The cash will be paid out of the firm's cash holdings, no new debt or equity will be raised.

Firms Involved in the Takeover | ||

Acquirer | Target | |

Assets ($m) | 60 | 10 |

Debt ($m) | 20 | 2 |

Share price ($) | 10 | 8 |

Number of shares (m) | 4 | 1 |

Ignore transaction costs and fees. Assume that the firms' debt and equity are fairly priced, and that each firms' debts' risk, yield and values remain constant. The acquisition is planned to occur immediately, so ignore the time value of money.

Calculate the merged firm's share price and total number of shares after the takeover has been completed.

**Question 542** price gains and returns over time, IRR, NPV, income and capital returns, effective return

For an asset price to **double** every **10** years, what must be the expected future capital return, given as an effective annual rate?

**Question 659** APR, effective rate, effective rate conversion, no explanation

A home loan company advertises an interest rate of 9% pa, payable monthly. Which of the following statements about the interest rate is **NOT** correct? All rates are given with an accuracy of 4 decimal places.

**Question 731** DDM, income and capital returns, no explanation

In the dividend discount model (DDM), share prices fall when dividends are paid. Let the high price before the fall be called the peak, and the low price after the fall be called the trough.

###P_0=\dfrac{C_1}{r-g}###

Which of the following statements about the DDM is **NOT** correct?

Use the below information to value a levered company with constant annual perpetual cash flows from assets. The next cash flow will be generated in one year from now, so a perpetuity can be used to value this firm. Both the cash flow from assets including and excluding interest tax shields are constant (but not equal to each other).

Data on a Levered Firm with Perpetual Cash Flows | ||

Item abbreviation | Value | Item full name |

##\text{CFFA}_\text{U}## | $48.5m | Cash flow from assets excluding interest tax shields (unlevered) |

##\text{CFFA}_\text{L}## | $50m | Cash flow from assets including interest tax shields (levered) |

##g## | 0% pa | Growth rate of cash flow from assets, levered and unlevered |

##\text{WACC}_\text{BeforeTax}## | 10% pa | Weighted average cost of capital before tax |

##\text{WACC}_\text{AfterTax}## | 9.7% pa | Weighted average cost of capital after tax |

##r_\text{D}## | 5% pa | Cost of debt |

##r_\text{EL}## | 11.25% pa | Cost of levered equity |

##D/V_L## | 20% pa | Debt to assets ratio, where the asset value includes tax shields |

##t_c## | 30% | Corporate tax rate |

What is the value of the levered firm including interest tax shields?

**Question 831** option, American option, no explanation

Which of the following statements about **American**-style options is **NOT** correct? American-style:

**Question 880** gold standard, no explanation

Under the Gold Standard (1876 to 1913), currencies were priced relative to: