The following equation is the Dividend Discount Model, also known as the 'Gordon Growth Model' or the 'Perpetuity with growth' equation.

### p_{0} = \frac{c_1}{r_{\text{eff}} - g_{\text{eff}}} ###

What is the discount rate '## r_\text{eff} ##' in this equation?

If a project's net present value (NPV) is zero, then its internal rate of return (IRR) will be:

A firm's weighted average cost of capital before tax (##r_\text{WACC before tax}##) would **increase** due to:

A student just won the lottery. She won $1 million in cash after tax. She is trying to calculate how much she can spend per month for the rest of her life. She assumes that she will live for another 60 years. She wants to withdraw equal amounts at the beginning of every month, starting right now.

All of the cash is currently sitting in a bank account which pays interest at a rate of 6% pa, given as an APR compounding per month. On her last withdrawal, she intends to have nothing left in her bank account. How much can she withdraw at the beginning of each month?

A 30-day Bank Accepted Bill has a face value of $1,000,000. The interest rate is 2.5% pa and there are 365 days in the year. What is its price now?

The price of gold is currently $**700** per ounce. The forward price for delivery in 1 year is $**800**. An arbitrageur can borrow money at **10**% per annum given as an effective discrete annual rate. Assume that gold is fairly priced and the cost of storing gold is zero.

What is the best way to conduct an arbitrage in this situation? The best arbitrage strategy requires zero capital, has zero risk and makes money straight away. An arbitrageur should **sell 1 forward** on gold and:

Assets A, B, M and ##r_f## are shown on the graphs above. Asset M is the market portfolio and ##r_f## is the risk free yield on government bonds. Which of the below statements is **NOT** correct?

A company conducts a **2** for **3** rights issue at a subscription price of $**8** when the pre-announcement stock price was $**9**. Assume that all investors use their rights to buy those extra shares.

What is the percentage increase in the stock price and the number of shares outstanding? The answers are given in the same order.

Assume that the market portfolio has a duration of **15** years and an individual stock has a duration of **20** years.

What can you say about the stock's beta with respect to the market portfolio? The stock's beta is likely to be: