Bonds X and Y are issued by the same US company. Both bonds yield **10**% pa, and they have the same face value ($100), maturity, seniority, and payment frequency.

The only difference is that bond X and Y's **coupon rates** are **8** and **12**% pa respectively. Which of the following statements is true?

The following equation is the Dividend Discount Model, also known as the 'Gordon Growth Model' or the 'Perpetuity with growth' equation.

###p_0=\frac{d_1}{r_\text{eff}-g_\text{eff}}###

Which expression is **NOT** equal to the expected capital return?

A firm has a debt-to-equity ratio of 25%. What is its debt-to-assets ratio?

**Question 558** portfolio weights, portfolio return, short selling

An investor wants to make a portfolio of two stocks A and B with a target expected portfolio return of **16**% pa.

- Stock A has an expected return of
**8**% pa. - Stock B has an expected return of
**12**% pa.

What portfolio weights should the investor have in stocks A and B respectively?

A trader **buys** a one year futures contract on crude oil. The contract is for the delivery of 1,000 barrels. The current futures price is $38.94 per barrel. The initial margin is $3,410 per contract, and the maintenance margin is $3,100 per contract.

What is the smallest price change that would lead to a margin call for the buyer?

**Question 662** APR, effective rate, effective rate conversion, no explanation

Which of the following interest rate labels does **NOT** make sense?

**Question 708** continuously compounding rate, continuously compounding rate conversion

Convert a **10**% continuously compounded annual rate ##(r_\text{cc annual})## into an effective annual rate ##(r_\text{eff annual})##. The equivalent effective annual rate is:

Calculate Australia’s GDP over the 2016 calendar year using the below table:

Australian Gross Domestic Product Components |
||||

A$ billion, 2016 Calendar Year from 1 Jan 2016 to 31 Dec 2016 inclusive | ||||

Consumption | Investment | Government spending | Exports | Imports |

971 | 421 | 320 | 328 | 344 |

Source: ABS 5206.0 Australian National Accounts: National Income, Expenditure and Product. Table 3. Expenditure on Gross Domestic Product (GDP), Current prices.

Australia’s GDP was:

The market's expected total return is 10% pa and the risk free rate is 5% pa, both given as effective annual rates.

A stock has a beta of 0.7.

What do you think will be the stock's expected return over the **next year**, given as an effective annual rate?