The following equation is the Dividend Discount Model, also known as the 'Gordon Growth Model' or the 'Perpetuity with growth' equation.

###p_0=\frac{d_1}{r_\text{eff}-g_\text{eff}}###

Which expression is **NOT** equal to the expected capital return?

A stock is expected to pay the following dividends:

Cash Flows of a Stock | ||||||

Time (yrs) | 0 | 1 | 2 | 3 | 4 | ... |

Dividend ($) | 2 | 2 | 2 | 10 | 3 | ... |

After year 4, the dividend will grow in perpetuity at 4% pa. The required return on the stock is 10% pa. Both the growth rate and required return are given as effective annual rates.

What is the current price of the stock?

A stock is expected to pay a dividend of $15 in one year (t=1), then $25 for 9 years after that (payments at t=2 ,3,...10), and on the 11th year (t=11) the dividend will be 2% less than at t=10, and will continue to shrink at the same rate every year after that forever. The required return of the stock is 10%. All rates are effective annual rates.

What is the price of the stock now?

The current gold price is $**700**, gold storage costs are **2**% pa and the risk free rate is **10**% pa, both with **continuous compounding**.

What should be the **3** year gold futures price?

A **2**-year futures contract on a stock paying a continuous dividend yield of **3**% pa was bought when the underlying stock price was $**10** and the risk free rate was **10**% per annum with **continuous compounding**. Assume that investors are risk-neutral, so the stock's total required return is the risk free rate.

Find the forward price ##(F_2)## and value of the contract ##(V_0)## initially. Also find the value of the contract in 6 months ##(V_{0.5})## if the stock price rose to $**12**.

**Question 809** Markowitz portfolio theory, CAPM, Jensens alpha, CML, systematic and idiosyncratic risk

A graph of assets’ expected returns ##(\mu)## versus standard deviations ##(\sigma)## is given in the graph below. The CML is the capital market line.

Which of the following statements about this graph, Markowitz portfolio theory and the Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) theory is **NOT** correct?

You **bought** a **1.5** year (18 month) futures contract on oil. Oil storage costs are **4**% pa continuously compounded and oil pays no dividends. The futures contract is entered into when the oil price is $**40** per barrel and the risk-free rate of interest is **10**% per annum with continuous compounding.

Which of the following statements is **NOT** correct?

**Question 888** foreign exchange rate, speculation, no explanation

The current Australian exchange rate is **0.8** USD per AUD.

If you think that the AUD will **depreciate** against the USD, contrary to the rest of the market, how could you profit? Right now you should:

**Question 980** balance of payments, current account, no explanation

Observe the below graph of the US current account surplus as a proportion of GDP.

Define lending as buying (or saving or investing in) debt and equity assets.

The sum of US ‘net private saving’ plus ‘net general government lending’ equals the US: