Value the following business project to manufacture a new product.
|Project life||2 yrs|
|Initial investment in equipment||$6m|
|Depreciation of equipment per year||$3m|
|Expected sale price of equipment at end of project||$0.6m|
|Unit sales per year||4m|
|Sale price per unit||$8|
|Variable cost per unit||$5|
|Fixed costs per year, paid at the end of each year||$1m|
|Interest expense per year||0|
|Weighted average cost of capital after tax per annum||10%|
- The firm's current assets and current liabilities are $3m and $2m respectively right now. This net working capital will not be used in this project, it will be used in other unrelated projects.
Due to the project, current assets (mostly inventory) will grow by $2m initially (at t = 0), and then by $0.2m at the end of the first year (t=1).
Current liabilities (mostly trade creditors) will increase by $0.1m at the end of the first year (t=1).
At the end of the project, the net working capital accumulated due to the project can be sold for the same price that it was bought.
- The project cost $0.5m to research which was incurred one year ago.
- All cash flows occur at the start or end of the year as appropriate, not in the middle or throughout the year.
- All rates and cash flows are real. The inflation rate is 3% pa.
- All rates are given as effective annual rates.
- The business considering the project is run as a 'sole tradership' (run by an individual without a company) and is therefore eligible for a 50% capital gains tax discount when the equipment is sold, as permitted by the Australian Tax Office.
What is the expected net present value (NPV) of the project?