**Question 790** mean and median returns, return distribution, arithmetic and geometric averages, continuously compounding rate, log-normal distribution, VaR, confidence interval

A risk manager has identified that their hedge fund’s continuously compounded portfolio returns are normally distributed with a mean of **10**% pa and a standard deviation of **30**% pa. The hedge fund’s portfolio is currently valued at $**100** million. Assume that there is no estimation error in these figures and that the normal cumulative density function at 1.644853627 is 95%.

Which of the following statements is **NOT** correct? All answers are rounded to the nearest dollar.

**Question 791** mean and median returns, return distribution, arithmetic and geometric averages, continuously compounding rate, log-normal distribution, VaR, confidence interval

A risk manager has identified that their pension fund’s continuously compounded portfolio returns are normally distributed with a mean of **5**% pa and a standard deviation of **20**% pa. The fund’s portfolio is currently valued at $**1** million. Assume that there is no estimation error in the above figures. To simplify your calculations, all answers below use **2.33** as an approximation for the normal inverse cumulative density function at **99**%. All answers are rounded to the nearest dollar. Which of the following statements is **NOT** correct?

**Question 792** mean and median returns, return distribution, arithmetic and geometric averages, continuously compounding rate, log-normal distribution, confidence interval

A risk manager has identified that their investment fund’s continuously compounded portfolio returns are normally distributed with a mean of **10**% pa and a standard deviation of **40**% pa. The fund’s portfolio is currently valued at $**1** million. Assume that there is no estimation error in the above figures. To simplify your calculations, all answers below use **2.33** as an approximation for the normal inverse cumulative density function at 99%. All answers are rounded to the nearest dollar. Assume one month is 1/12 of a year. Which of the following statements is **NOT** correct?

**Question 811** log-normal distribution, mean and median returns, return distribution, arithmetic and geometric averages

Which of the following statements about probability distributions is **NOT** correct?

**Question 874** utility, return distribution, log-normal distribution, arithmetic and geometric averages

Who was the first theorist to endorse the maximisiation of the geometric average gross discrete return for investors (not gamblers) since it gave a "...portfolio that has a greater probability of being as valuable or more valuable than any other significantly different portfolio at the end of n years, n being large"?

**Question 921** utility, return distribution, log-normal distribution, arithmetic and geometric averages, no explanation

Who was the first theorist to propose the idea of ‘expected utility’?

**Question 1003** Black-Scholes-Merton option pricing, log-normal distribution, return distribution, hedge fund, risk, financial distress

A hedge fund issued zero coupon bonds with a combined $**1** billion **face** value due to be paid in **3** years. The promised yield to maturity is currently **6**% pa given as a continuously compounded return (or log gross discrete return, ##LGDR=\ln[P_T/P_0] \div T##).

The hedge fund owns stock assets worth $**1.1** billion now which are expected to have a **10**% pa arithmetic average log gross discrete return ##(\text{AALGDR} = \sum\limits_{t=1}^T{\left( \ln[P_t/P_{t-1}] \right)} \div T)## and **30**pp pa standard deviation (SDLGDR) in the future.

Analyse the hedge fund using the Merton model of corporate equity as an option on the firm's assets.

The risk free government bond yield to maturity is currently **5**% pa given as a continuously compounded return or LGDR.

Which of the below statements is **NOT** correct? All figures are rounded to the sixth decimal place.