# Fight Finance

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For a price of $1040, Camille will sell you a share which just paid a dividend of$100, and is expected to pay dividends every year forever, growing at a rate of 5% pa.

So the next dividend will be $100(1+0.05)^1=105.00$, and the year after it will be $100(1+0.05)^2=110.25$ and so on.

The required return of the stock is 15% pa.

Would you like to the share or politely ?

Diversification in a portfolio of two assets works best when the correlation between their returns is:

 Project Data Project life 2 yrs Initial investment in equipment $600k Depreciation of equipment per year$250k Expected sale price of equipment at end of project $200k Revenue per job$12k Variable cost per job $4k Quantity of jobs per year 120 Fixed costs per year, paid at the end of each year$100k Interest expense in first year (at t=1) $16.091k Interest expense in second year (at t=2)$9.711k Tax rate 30% Government treasury bond yield 5% Bank loan debt yield 6% Levered cost of equity 12.5% Market portfolio return 10% Beta of assets 1.24 Beta of levered equity 1.5 Firm's and project's debt-to-equity ratio 25%

Notes

1. The project will require an immediate purchase of $50k of inventory, which will all be sold at cost when the project ends. Current liabilities are negligible so they can be ignored. Assumptions • The debt-to-equity ratio will be kept constant throughout the life of the project. The amount of interest expense at the end of each period has been correctly calculated to maintain this constant debt-to-equity ratio. Note that interest expense is different in each year. • Thousands are represented by 'k' (kilo). • All cash flows occur at the start or end of the year as appropriate, not in the middle or throughout the year. • All rates and cash flows are nominal. The inflation rate is 2% pa. • All rates are given as effective annual rates. • The 50% capital gains tax discount is not available since the project is undertaken by a firm, not an individual. What is the net present value (NPV) of the project? A trader sells one crude oil European style call option contract on the CME expiring in one year with an exercise price of$44 per barrel for a price of $6.64. The crude oil spot price is$40.33. If the trader doesn’t close out her contract before maturity, then at maturity she will have the:

Alice, Bob, Chris and Delta are traders in the futures market. The following trades occur over a single day in a newly-opened equity index future that matures in one year which the exchange just made available.

1. Alice buys a future from Bob.

2. Chris buys a future from Delta.

3. Alice buys a future from Chris.

These were the only trades made in this equity index future. What was the trading volume and what is the open interest?

An effective monthly return of 1% $(r_\text{eff monthly})$ is equivalent to an effective annual return $(r_\text{eff annual})$ of:

The following cash flows are expected:

• A perpetuity of yearly payments of $30, with the first payment in 5 years (first payment at t=5, which continues every year after that forever). • One payment of$100 in 6 years and 3 months (t=6.25).

What is the NPV of the cash flows if the discount rate is 10% given as an effective annual rate?

A firm issues debt and uses the funds to buy back equity. Assume that there are no costs of financial distress or transactions costs. Which of the following statements about interest tax shields is NOT correct?

Which of the following statements about Macaulay duration is NOT correct? The Macaulay duration:

Question 923  omitted variable bias, CAPM, single factor model, single index model, no explanation

Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) and the Single Index Model (SIM) are single factor models whose only risk factor is the market portfolio’s return. Say a Taxi company and an Umbrella company are influenced by two factors, the market portfolio return and rainfall. When it rains, both the Taxi and Umbrella companies’ stock prices do well. When there’s no rain, both do poorly. Assume that rainfall risk is a systematic risk that cannot be diversified and that rainfall has zero correlation with the market portfolio’s returns.

Which of the following statements about these two stocks is NOT correct?

The CAPM and SIM: